Sex determination pathways are extensively diverse across species, with the master sex-determinants being the most variable element. Despite this, there is a family of DM-domain transcription factors (Dmrts), which hold a highly conserved function in sexual development. This work is the first to describe a heterogametic sex-linked Dmrt in an invertebrate species, the Eastern spiny lobster, Sagmariasus verreauxi. We have termed the Y-linked, truncated paralogue of the autosomal iDmrt1, Sv-iDMY. Considering the master sex-determining function of both DMY in medaka and DM-W in frog, we hypothesised a similar function of Sv-iDMY. By conducting temporal expression analyses during embryogenesis we have identified a putative male sex-determining period during which iDMY>iDmrt1. Employing a GAL4-transactivation assay we then demonstrate the dominant negative suppression of iDMY over its autosomal iDmrt1 paralogue, suggesting the mechanism with which iDMY determines sex. Comparative analyses of Sv-iDMY, DM-W and medaka DMY, highlight the C′-mediated features of oligomerisation and transactivation as central to the mechanism that each exerts. Indeed, these features may underpin the plasticity facilitating the convergent emergence of these three sporadic sex-linked master-Dmrts. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
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Chandler, J.C., Fitzgibbon, Q.P., Smith, G., Elizur, A. & Ventura, T. 2017, "Y-linked iDmrt1 paralogue (iDMY) in the Eastern spiny lobster, Sagmariasus verreauxi: The first invertebrate sex-linked Dmrt", Developmental biology, vol. 430, no. 2, pp. 337-345.
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